The birth rates in developing world including Latin America, Africa and Asia are catastrophically high and this is one of the major reasons for soil erosion, water shortages, environmental degradation and high food prices.
More people in developing world means more mouths to feed, more houses to construct and more infrastructure to build. This means that as population of Africa doubles from 1 billion to 2 billion in next 20-25 years and Asia adds another billion people in its ranks, the threat from overpopulation will remain very high.
Climate change is a global problem and population reduction is the most significant issue at hand in contemporary world. Apart from girl child education and fertility awareness campaigns in the developing world, global organizations such as WHO and UN should consider working with countries to introduce over the counter contraceptive pills so that rural as well as urban women can regulate their own fertility.
Traditional methods such as abstinence, withdrawal before ejaculation, and abortion have not been able to manage fertility decline in the developing and China’s example shows that one child policy implementation over three decades still means a high fertility rate of 1.8 children per woman.
Unlike IUDs and condoms, where medical professionals or male partners have to take the leadership role, modern contraceptive pills with low levels of estrogen and progesterone can be a boon for young, fertile women between 15-45 years of age who can do well with only one child.
Over the counter contraceptive pills can go a long way towards implementing one child policy in Asia, Africa and Latin America which will lead to greater resources and prosperity per capita.